Van Gogh was born on March 30, 1853, in the Netherlands. He was a post-impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art. In just over a decade, he created about 2,100 artworks, including around 860 oil paintings, most of which date from the last two years of his life. They include landscapes, still lifes, portraits, and self-portraits, and are characterized by bold colors and dramatic, impulsive, and expressive brushwork that contributed to the foundations of modern art. However, he was not commercially successful during his lifetime, and his suicide at 37 followed years of mental illness and poverty.